The vibrant history of Indian Paintings

The vibrant history of Indian Paintings

India’s legacy is an amalgamation of varied cultures that can be observed right from the early eoliths to contemporary art today. This diversity in our art today can be traced back to early India which included the now Bangladesh, areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Few of the major religions over the world such as Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam either began or thrived in India leading to a lot of art being born from there.  Indian art and painting have an unending and mysterious history which speaks of our customs and ideologies that have been passed to us by our ancestors.  

In this blog, we’ll take you through various forms of paintings that have existed for years in Indian history. 

  1. Madhubani Paintings

The Madhubani form of painting was started from the Mithila region of Bihar merely as a form of wall art. It wasn’t known to the western world until art historian W.G. Archer took note of their brilliance in 1934 while inspecting damage from an earthquake at the Indo-Nepal border. 

A plain sailing and vivid portrayal of culture and tradition, the Madhubani style depicts mythological scenes. Artists present vibrant scenery with pared-down patterns showing floral, animal or bird motifs. The art form is practiced in many different styles including Bharni, Katchni, Geru, Godna, and Tantric.

  1. Miniature Paintings

Miniature paintings acted as illustrations for manuscripts and were mainly found on palm leaves. They were painted for merchants who carried them for their travels across the subcontinent between the 10th and 12th centuries. This art gained significant importance throughout the Mughal and Rajput courts. These paintings spoke of intricate and fine details drawing from Persian techniques. Themes ranged from religious and historical scenes to depictions of everyday life. 

  1. Pattachitra Paintings

Pattachitra style of painting took birth in Orissa around the 12th century. Even today, the small villages in this area practice this art. The literal translation of Pattachitra is “cloth picture”. It aptly describes cloth-based or scroll painting. These paintings draw inspiration from the Mughal era and are called upon for angular, bold lines that depict mythological narratives. 

  1. Mughal Painting

Mughal paintings are one of the few styles that were a unique blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles. It originated, developed and took shape during the period of the Mughal Empire between the 16th and 19th centuries. These paintings were created to fulfil the Mughal kings desire to create visual records of their deeds as hunters and conquerors. For this purpose, the artists travelled on military expeditions depicting them in powerful light. 

  1. Warli Paintings

Dated back to over 2,500 years, the Warli folk paintings are a form of indigenous Indian art. The style originated in Maharashtra, a state spanning the western part of Central India, where it is still widely practiced today. Warli paintings use their linear and monochromatic palette coupled with an elementary style of execution on the walls of huts. They bear resemblance to cave paintings. In contrast to other types of tribal art, the Warli paintings use earth-tones and neutral shades to depict daily activities of local people such as farming, dancing, and hunting.

You can buy exquisite wall paintings online at ArtRight. If you’re an artist, you can also sell your artwork online on our website. The artists who have listed their paintings online on Artright's online art gallery are either professional artists, students pursuing a career in fine arts or fine art fanatics. Each artwork is objective and not subjective. We believe that the kind of artwork we are dealing in online should have a connection, a resonation with the buyer in a certain way.

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