How many colors exist in this world?

As a person with standard vision, we can see millions of colors that are different from each other. However, our human language categorizes these into a small set put together. Most of us are aware of 7 color acronym VIBGYOR which stands for violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red.

However, if you ask an artist, she will be able to talk of another 50 to 100 different watercolors such as turquoise, mauve, amber or taupe. Even this only adds up to the tiny fraction of paints and colours that we can variably identify.
The other colors except VIBGYOR are technically combinations between the 7 colors. It’s important for us to realise that here we are focusing on the possibilities of colours instead of the ones that we can see realistically.
In order to determine how many colors, exist in the world, we need to start with how many shades of light can the human eye see. According to research, we can see 1,000 shades of light. Within these shades, there are 100 different levels of red-green shades that we can observe. In addition, we can
also see 100 levels of yellow-blue shades. It works out to about 10 million colours in the world that the human eye can see.
There is vagueness and lack of clarity when we focus on ’10 million colours’ as suggested by research. It is because every person sees colour differently. To validate this, plenty of research suggests that men and women have brain differences which causes them to perceive colours differently. We also
have a certain vision deficiency like colour blindness which causes different colour perception.

We can arrive at the fact that only a very small percentage of colours exist that actually have names. People from different cultures assign names to colours that define objects or concepts that they regularly refer to. What we’re trying to say is colours are used as labels for objects rather than descriptors. Some languages and cultures have more names for colours that the other. This doesn’t
mean they are actually seeing more colours; however, it means these cultures are applying names to the colours they find important.

The closest accurate answer that science gives us more how many colours are there in the world is 10 million. Counting all colours is more of a metaphysical concept. The reason researchers are content with quantifying the full colour list at 10 million is because it takes of the maximum number of combinations based on the human eye’s ability to perceive different shades of light. Artists and
philosophers can say that infinite colours exist in the universe.

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